Jocul de cărţi şi politica în epoca modernă

G. Etényi NÓRA


Playing card was one of the most popular forms of entertainment in the early modern ages. In spite of the prohibitive orders by the magistrat and the church it was very wide-spread in the society. Innovating new methods of printing made cards even more popular. Cards that helped teaching Latin appeared in the beginning of the 16th century. These teaching cards became really well-known when a special type of cards was designed for Louis XIVth representing the most important personalities and prominent figures of World History as well as Metamorphoses of Ovidius. After that several cards were published with maps, images of castles, and the most important facts of astronomy. The court of Sigismund of Luxembourg was introduced on cards, later Ferdinand the IInd published a series of card as a visual pamphlet against Friedrich of Pfalz. Cards made positive propaganda for electors fighting against the Turks. The political situation of England also appeared on cards. From 1515 playing card had also had allegorical meaning: the elite of the European Ploilicy makers, the wins and losses of the countries were often shown by figures around a card-table.

Keywords: jocuri, cărți, distracție, politică, epoca modernă, propagandă, imaginar